Countries around the world are closing borders and locking down people in an effort to control the rapid spread of a new coronavirus epidemic identified as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO).

The statement by the WHO has intensified pressure on governments to speed up their response, sparking preparations for emergency action and updating life around the globe.


The 2019 coronavirus disease prevention vaccine (COVID-19) is simply not available yet. The best way to prevent disease is to avoid exposure to the virus.

The virus is thought to primarily spread from person to person. Among people in close contact with each other (within 6 feet). Breathing droplets formed when a individual infected is coughing or sneezing. These droplets may land in nearby people’s mouths or noses, or probably be inhaled into the lungs.


Symptoms include coughing, sore throat, fatigue and shortness of breath, Some patients may experience aches and pains, nasal congestion, a runny nose, sore throat or diarrhoea. Symptoms can range from mild illness to pneumonia. Some people will recover easily, and others may get very sick very quickly.

If you develop emergency warning signs for COVID-19 get urgent medical attention. Emergency warning signs include: breathing problems or shortness of breath, persistent chest pain or pressure, increased discomfort or bluish lips or face.

Getting Help

For many countries a dedicated hotline has been set up for people suspected of being sick.

Patients in the country are advised to call the hotline before going to a hospital to prevent the risk of transmitting the virus in, or on the way to, an unprepared health facility.

Individuals are required to contact specialised assistance as soon as they suspect they are ill and as far as possible to limit contact with others.

To date, COVID-19 has no vaccine and no treatment apart from respiratory care. Although some conventional or home remedies that provide relief and relieve disease symptoms, there is no evidence that current medication can prevent or cure the disease, according to the WHO.

Testing & Follow Up

It could take a few days for the results of the test to arrive. If you have serious symptoms, you will be hospitalised and separated from other patients to avoid the spread of the virus.

When your doctor decides you’re safe enough to go home and while you’re waiting for your test results, you should: self-quarantine at home and not attend work or school, frequently wash your hands with soap and water, cough and sneeze into your elbow, avoid cooking or caring for other members of your household and wear a mask that your doctor can give you when you can’t prevent close contact with others.