The most prevalent malignancy (other than skin cancer) that is diagnosed in males is prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is a cell growth-defined disease. These abnormal cells can proliferate uncontrolled, forming tumors that can metastasize or spread to other areas of the body if left untreated. Prostate cancer may grow and spread rapidly, but it is a comparatively slow increasing disease for most males.

For males suspecting prostate cancer, understanding the risk factors and symptoms is very crucial. Knowing where the prostate is in the body and the prostate functions will describe the effects of prostate cancer and therapy for prostate cancer. Patients diagnosed with prostate cancer must address their specific form of prostate cancer with their physicians, aggressive or non-aggressive. This will enable the patient to work with their doctor to determine their cancer’s most efficient therapy.

Prostate cancer symptoms and signs

  • Urination frequently.
  • Weak or disrupted flow of urine or the need to strain the bladder to empty.
  • The urge at night to urinate commonly.
  • In the urine, blood.
  • Blood in the liquid that is seminal.
  • New erectile dysfunction onset.
  • During urination, pain or burning (less common).

Prostate Cancer Treatments

  • Active surveillance
  • Radical prostatectomy (robotic surgery)
  • Radiotherapy
  • High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy
  • Cryotherapy
  • Brachytherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Watchful waiting
  • Trans-urethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
  • Treating advanced prostate cancer
  • Chemotherapy Steroids